Taliban definition ap human geography

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Didn't know it? Don't know 0. Remaining cards 0. Know 0. Pause Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page. You can't take away a persons religion and that's what the Chinese did because it was interfering with their aims What is the difference between universalizing and ethnic religion? Relocation Diffusion How are religions divided?

Jerusalem from the teachings of Jesus in bethlehem from 8 B. Jesus Why are Christians spread out so much? Colonization Where are Christians distributed? Why is the U. Came from English What is a denomination from Christianity? Roman Cath. Orth in E and SE. Why did many small branches of Christianity develop independently?

Isolation What is the Coptic church? Asia What religion is second largest? Islam Where is Islam dominant? East from N. East What do you call the holy journey to Mecca that Muslims take? The Hajj What are the two branches of islam?We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Religion Unit Essay Notes 1. Secularism began to arise with the seperation of church and state in Europe.

Why is this so? DeblijSecularism is the indifference to or rejection of formal religion. The most secular countries today are in Europe. Secularism has become more widespread during the past century due to the rise in democracy.

For example, the predominance of Islam in the Middle East can be associated with the influence of Taliban, a militant movement in the area that enforces the Islamic religion.

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taliban definition ap human geography

People have abandoned organized religion in growing numbers. Even if they continue to be members of a church, their participation in church activity has declined. Traditions have also weakened. For example, there was a time when almost all shops and businesses were closed on Sundays, preserving the day for sermons, rest, and introspection.

Today, shopping centers are mostly open as usual, and Sunday is increasingly devoted to business and personal affairs, not to church. It supports the seperation of religion and state, especially ideas of the Christian Church.

Test: AP Human Geography Chapter 7 Multiple Choice

Secular liberalism is often connected with standing for social equality and freedom. In results to secular liberalism, islamic fundamentalism is the group of religious ideologies that criticizes this secularism using the fundamentals of Islam: the Quran and the Sunnah.

As with adherents of other fundamentalist movements, Islamic fundamentalists hold that the problems of the world stem from secular influences from the wealthier countries, such as the United States, that offer religious freedom, which can therefore alter religious practices.

Altering these religious practices can result into conflict. The modern Islamic fundamentalism movements have their origins in the late 19th century. Since then, negative relationships have developed with Middle Eastern movements, such as the Taliban, because of their attempt to convert their way of life with a democratic approach.

How do different religions incorporate natural features into their cosmogony? Ethnic religions differ from universalizing religions in their understanding of relationships between human beings and nature. These differences derive from distinctive concepts of cosmogony, which is a set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe.

A variety of events in the physical environment are more likely to be incorporated into the principles of cosmogony of an ethnic religion. These events range from the familiar and predictable to unexpected disasters.

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Give two examples with elaboration. As a first example, Chinese ethnic religions, such as Confucianism and Daoism, believe that the universe is made up of two forces, yin and yang, which exist in everything. The yin force is associated with earth, while the yang force is associated with heaven, light, male, heat, height, activity, and life.

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Yin and yang forces interact with each other to achieve balance and harmony, but they are in constant state of change. The principals of yin and yang applies to the creation and transformation of all natural features.

A religious person can serve God by cultivating the land, draining wetlands, clearing forests, building new settlements, and otherwise making productive use of natural features that God created.

As the very creator itself, God is more powerful than any force of nature, and if in conflict, the laws of God take precedence over laws of nature. Compare and contrast Sunni and Shia Muslims origins, practices, customs, and beliefs. The faith dictates behavior in other spheres of life as well.

Islam forbids alcohol, smoking, and gambling. In Islamic settlements, the people build mosques to observe the Friday prayer and to serve as social gathering places. Others preferred different candidates who were not necessarily related to Muhammad. The ensuing conflict was marked by murder, warefare, and lasting doctrinal agreements.Total Cards. B Asia and Buddhism. AP Human Geography - Islam 1. For example, the predominance of Islam in the Middle East can be associated with the influence of Taliban, a militant movement in the area that enforces the Islamic … Islam the youngest of the major world religions, it is based on the teachings of Muhammad, corn in Mecca in CE; according to this teaching, Muhammad received the truth directly from Allah in a series of revelations during which Muhammad spoke the verses of Qu'ran Koranthe holy book Description.

AP Human. Chapter 11 - Origins and Distribution of Religions Explain two reasons for the increase in Muslim immigration to one of these countries since FRQ 1 Discuss the role relocation and expansion diffusion have played with respect to the geography of religion for the following regions: A North America and Christianity.

FRQ 2 Handed out in class Title. Islam: Religion versus Social Change: in ldc's participation in the global economy and culture can expose local residents to values and beliefs from mdc's: Taliban and Western values When the taliban gained power of afghanistan they took away non-islam activities til the us stepped in and over threw them in : Hinduism and social inequality.Failed statea state that is unable to perform the two fundamental functions of the sovereign nation-state in the modern world system: it cannot project authority over its territory and peoples, and it cannot protect its national boundaries.

taliban definition ap human geography

The governing capacity of a failed state is attenuated such that it is unable to fulfill the administrative and organizational tasks required to control people and resources and can provide only minimal public services. Its citizens no longer believe that their government is legitimateand the state becomes illegitimate in the eyes of the international community. A failed state is composed of feeble and flawed institutions. Often, the executive barely functions, while the legislaturejudiciarybureaucracyand armed forces have lost their capacity and professional independence.

A failed state suffers from crumbling infrastructuresfaltering utility supplies and educational and health facilities, and deteriorating basic human-development indicators, such as infant mortality and literacy rates. Failed states create an environment of flourishing corruption and negative growth rates, where honest economic activity cannot flourish. The dynamics leading to and compounding state failure are many and varied, including civil war, ethnic violence or genocide, and predatory government and bureaucratic behaviour.

State failure comes in degrees and is often a function of both the collapse of state institutions and societal collapse. A strong state provides core guarantees to its citizens and others under its jurisdiction in the three interrelated realms of security, economics, and politics.

A failed state cannot maintain a monopoly on the legitimate use of violence and minimize internal conflict. It cannot formulate or implement public policies to effectively build infrastructure and deliver services or effective and equitable economic policies.

In addition, it cannot provide for the representation and political empowerment of its citizens or protect civil liberties and fundamental human rights. Thus, state failure manifests itself when a state can no longer deliver physical security, a productive economic environment, and a stable political system for its people. The total collapse of the state marks the final, extreme phase of state failure, and very few states can be described as completely failed or collapsed.

Yet, research demonstrates that many states suffer from various degrees of weakness and are therefore potential candidates for failure.

taliban definition ap human geography

Weak states were failing with increasing frequency, most of them in Africa but also a handful in Asia and the Middle Eastand failed states are known to be hospitable to and to harbour dangerous nonstate actors such as warlords and groups that commit terrorist acts. For example, at the end of the 20th century, Somalia descended into state collapse under rival warlords, and Afghanistan, a failed state under the Taliban regime, harboured the terrorist group al-Qaeda.

Furthermore, state failure poses pressing humanitarian issues and possible emergency relief and state-building responsibilities for the international community.

Consequently, understanding the dynamics of state failure and strengthening weak nation-states in the developing world assumed new urgency. Failed state Article Additional Info.

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AP Human Geography Religion (Notes and Vocab)

While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. External Websites. Academia - What are failed states and why do they fail? Is seizing political control of failed states a viable remedy for containing threats coming from failed states?

Naazneen H. Director, Bridging the Gap Project. See Article History. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: executive. ExecutiveIn politics, a person or persons constituting the branch of government charged with executing or carrying out the laws and appointing officials, formulating and instituting foreign policy, and providing diplomatic representation.

In the U. Legislaturelawmaking branch of a government. Before the advent of legislatures, the law was dictated by monarchs.Please join StudyMode to read the full document. The five major air masses which affect the British Isles Arctic maritime, Polar continental, Tropical continental, Tropical maritime and Polar maritime are which contribute to the weather in the UK.

When the air masses mover from their source region they change and are modified from the surface over which they travel, this alters there temperature, humidity and stability. For example, tropical air moving northward is cooled and becomes more stable, while polar air moving south become warmer and increasingly unstable. Each air mass brings its own characteristic weather conditions to the British Isles. When two air masses meet, they do not mix readily, due to differences in temperature and density.

The point at which they meet is called a front. There are two different fronts: warm and cold front. Warm fronts are found where warm air is advancing and is forced to override cold air. A cold front occurs when advancing cold air undercuts a body of warm air. The warm air is forced to raise, cool and condense producing rain clouds. The clouds are often followed by precipitation. This is a weather system known as a depression.

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A depression is what occurred over the south west of England during October Depression is an area of low pressure. It causes unsettled weather, most famously clouds and precipitation. This is due to the centre of the They were a gateway out of poverty in developing countries because it opened job positions for millions of workers.

With the raise in workers there grew a concern over the terrible working conditions, acceptable wages, hours, etc. As a result, the International Labor Organization was founded in to develop a core set of labor standards to ensure a standard working atmosphere worldwide. While these standards are simply a basic list of human rights, they have not been enforced and cause controversy amongst the workers themselves in other developing countries.

Therefore, networks try to maneuver around the rights in order to get their specific product out in the most fast, cost efficient way. Workers within these sweatshops are making pennies per hour and if these are raised it will disrupt the entire chainB it opposes nationalism.

C it promotes peace. D it is a bulwark for diversity in the face of the globalization of culture. E it defines citizenship and sovereignty. B shared attitudes. C shared emotions.

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D political structure. E state symbols. B nation-state. C self-determination. D sovereignty. E ethnic identity. B Danish and German nationalities intermingle in Schleswig-Holstein. C the people living on the Faeroe islands, which are controlled by Denmark, speak Faeroese. D Denmark consolidated its boundaries by giving Greenland to Norway. E all of the above. C nation. D state. E multiculturalism.

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B is completely landlocked. C first elected a Black as president during the s. D signed the Law of the Sea. E has a strong Italian minority population. B the breakdown of a state due to conflicts among nationalities.

C a small geographic area that cannot successfully be organized into states. D ethnic cleansing. E religions splintering into opposing groups. B the assassination in Sarajevo of the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary. C rivalries among nationalities. D NATO. E espionage by Russian agents. B language. C governmental organization. D unit of currency. E conflict with Turkey. B Central America. C North America. D South America. E Europe.Please join StudyMode to read the full document.

Others simply do not practice. Still others call themselves spiritual, but not religious. More Developed Countries MDC : relatively developed country or simply as a relatively developed country Less Developed Countries LDC : although many analysts prefer the term developing country or emerging country. This method breaks down a civilization or culture into seven components.

Use the provided questions as a guide. Not every question will be answered for each civilization. Include specific and general information.

Failed state

Then complete one each for the classical civilizations and Han China. Please Note : I am not expecting you to rewrite the textbook, but make sure you cover all necessary information.

We will review the most important elements of each chapter as we go through the first period or Unit. Later these charts may be used to write a comparison essay.

There may not be enough room to write in your responses. You may recreate the chart on your computer or write it on notebook paper. Ex: My house is east of I Absolute distance: Exact measurement of the physical space between two places.

How To Write An FRQ (Free Response Questions for AP Human Geography)

Relative distance: Approximate measurement of the physical space between two Place- a specific point of Earth distinguished by a particular character. Region- an area of Earth distinguished by a distinctive combination of cultural and physical features. Space- the physical gap between two objects. Connections- relationships among people and objects across a barrier of space.

Afghan Geography Project+Ap Human Geography

Cartography- the science of map-making. Geographic Information System- GIS a computer that can capture, store, query, analyze, and display geographic date. Key Issue 2: Why is each point on Earth unique?

Toponym- the name given to a place on Earth. Place names commonly have: -British origins in N. America and Australia Anderson Phone: room E-mail: panderso hs. Using geographical tools and skills, we will explore issues such as population distribution and composition, cultural patterns and processes, political organization, land use, industrialization and economic development, and urbanization.

Course Objective: This course is designed to instill in students a strong understanding of the patterns and processes that reflect and shape human impact upon the earth. Students will learn the importance of spatial analysis and evaluation, to employ spatial concepts, geographic vocabulary, and landscape interpretation, and develop a geographic perspective from the analysis of several outside works of non-fiction regarding various geographical topics.

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